|Cuban Numismatic Association Newsletter|
Editor Frank Putrow
WebMaster - Stan Klein
|Frank Putrow President
Andres Rodriguez Vice President
Marysol Cayado Secretary
Robert Freeman Treasurer
Board of Directors Richard Becker, Larry Casey, Enrique Cayado, Stan Klein, & Emilio M. Ortiz.
Corrections. Status of the Association
|2nd Annual Meeting|
CNA Meeting, January 14, 2005 at the Ft. Lauderdale FUN Coin Show
|A Member Profile|
|Member Profile of Robert Feeman, CNA
|A Rich Naval Tradition|
Trafalgar and Cuban Commemoratives by Enrique Cayado
|The Many Keys Of Cuba|
|Article by member Rudy Valentin. Opinions of the origin of "keys" on Coins|
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|A Rich Naval Tradition, Trafalgar And Cuban Commemoratives|
by Enrique Cayado, Board Member
2005 marks the 200th anniversary of the October 21st 1805 naval battle of Trafalgar. The encounter is remembered for the death of British Admiral Horatio Nelson, commanding the British fleet in the 104 cannon HMS Victory. Trafalgar Square, and its many pigeons, are also reminders to those less versed in 19th Century history. Horatios brilliant victory against the combined Spanish French fleet is credited with accelerating the decline of Spanish naval power, ending Napoleons ambition of an invasion of England, and facilitating the second American independence wars of 1809-1824.
At the time of Trafalgar, naval construction in Habana had a tradition of 2 centuries. Major ships, starting with the Nuestra Senora del Pilar, de la Vitoria, de los Remedios, del Peligro, and the well known Treasure Galleon Nuestra Senora de Atocha, were launched from 1607 to 1609.
The rise of English naval power and the frequent European conflicts in the 18th Century saw increases in size as well as sophistication of design, armament and sailing technology. No fewer than 90 ships, of the line from 60 to 120 cannon, were completed in the Habana shipyards during the century. Construction paused during the British capture of Habana in 1762, but resumed after the eleven month occupation ended with the cession of Las Floridas and Manila in exchange for Habana. Spain gracefully accepted the Luisianas from France as compensation for its losses.
THE 1776 AMERICAN INDEPENDENCE WARS : Spain and France were quick to support the first American independence war, and Spain recuperated the Floridas and Manila in the process. The Habana built San Ramon (74 cannon) accompanied various Bernardo Galvez expeditions that sailed from Habana against the English in Baton Rouge, Mobila (Mobile) and Panzacola (Pensacola). These attacks were closely coordinated with George Washington and diverted substantial British forces from the struggle. Habana ladies, as a footnote, also donated more than 8 million reales from their grocery allowances to George Washington, who was deeply admired and possibly considered cute. These acts of friendship were recognized by an act of Congress in 1784.
Santisima Trinidad, a revolutionary four deck 120
cannon design was the largest war ship of its time. Although displacing
5,000 tons, 220 feet long, and boasting twice the firepower of HMS
Victory, the Santisima Trinidad was made toothpicks after a five-hour
engagement with HMS Victory, Temeraire, Neptune, Leviathan and Conqueror.
Admiral Baltasar Hidalgo de Cisneros was wounded and one third of the
complement of 1,048 sailors and marines were casualties. The Santisima
Trinidad, towed by HMS Prince and Neptune sank shortly thereafter, about
28 miles south of Cadiz with further loss of life.
|Posted by: Enrique Cayado|